Abstract

A review of CP violation from the Standard Model to strings is given which includes a broad landscape of particle physics models, encompassing the non-supersymmetric 4D extensions of the standard model, and models based on supersymmetry, on extra dimensions, on strings and on branes. The supersymmetric models discussed include complex mSUGRA and its extensions, while the models based on extra dimensions include 5D models including models based on warped geometry. CP violation beyond the standard model is central to achieving the desired amount of baryon asymmetry in the universe via baryogenesis and leptogenesis. They also affect a variety of particle physics phenomena: electric dipole moments, g − 2, relic density and detection rates for neutralino dark matter in supersymmetric theories, Yukawa unification in grand unified and string based models, and sparticle production cross sections, and their decays patterns and signatures at hadron colliders. Additionally CP violations can generate CP even-CP odd Higgs mixings, affect the neutral Higgs spectrum and lead to phenomena detectable at colliders. Prominent among these are the CP violation effects in decays of neutral and charged Higgs bosons. Neutrino masses introduce new sources of CP violation which may be explored in neutrino factories in the future. Such phases can also enter in proton stability in unified models of particle interactions. The current experimental status of CP violation is discussed and possibilities for the future outlined.

Notes

Originally posted at http://arxiv.org/abs/0705.2008v2. Preprint of an article published in Reviews of Modern Physics, 2007.

Keywords

CP violation, high energy physics phenomenology

Subject Categories

Phenomenological theory (Physics), CP violation (Nuclear physics), String models, Standard model (Nuclear physics)

Disciplines

Physics

Publication Date

2007

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