Abstract

The evolution of many complex systems, including the World Wide Web, business, and citation networks, is encoded in the dynamic web describing the interactions between the system's constituents. Despite their irreversible and nonequilibrium nature these networks follow Bose statistics and can undergo Bose-Einstein condensation. Addressing the dynamical properties of these nonequilibrium systems within the framework of equilibrium quantum gases predicts that the "first-mover-advantage," "fit-get-rich," and "winner-takes-all" phenomena observed in competitive systems are thermodynamically distinct phases of the underlying evolving networks.

Notes

Originally published in Physical Review Letters 86(24), 2001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.5632

Keywords

complex networks, World Wide Web

Subject Categories

Bose-Einstein condensation

Disciplines

Physics

Publisher

The American Physical Society

Publication Date

6-2001

Rights Holder

©2001 The American Physical Society

Click button above to open, or right-click to save.

Included in

Physics Commons

Share

COinS