Frequency dependence of the impedance changes during isometric contractions.
Carl A. Shiffman
Ronald Aaron (1935-), Nathan Isrealoff, Sergey Kravchenko
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Department or Academic Unit
College of Arts and Sciences. Department of Physics.
Physics, Human muscle, Muscle contraction
Muscles--Motility, Impedance plethysmography, Anisotropy
In this thesis we present non invasive muscle impedance measurements using rotatable probes extending the work done by Aaron et al. (1997) by measuring not only the real part of the impedance but the imaginary part as well. The results reveal orientations of underlying muscle fibers via minima in resistance and reactance versus angle curves, suggesting this method as potentially useful for studying muscle properties in clinical and physiological research. Calculations of the current distribution for a slab of material with anisotropic conductivity show that the current distribution depends strongly on the separation of two current electrodes and as well as on its conducting anisotropy. Forearm muscle impedance measurements at 50 kHz done by Shiffman et al. (2003) had shown that both resistance (R) and reactance (X) increase during isometric contraction. We have extended these measurements in the 3 to 100 kHz range and we found that resistance (R) and reactance (X) both increase and their changes increased or decreased at frequency dependent rates. Analysis based on circuit models of changes in R and X during the short contraction pulses showed that the extra cellular fluid resistance increased by 3.9 ± 1.4 %, while the capacitance increased by 5.6 ± 2 %. For long contraction pulses at very low frequencies: 1) there was practically no change in R during contraction, which implies that these changes are due to cellular membrane or intra-cellular effects with the extra cellular water component not participating, and 2) in post contraction stage there were no morphological changes which means that drifts in R can only be due to physiological changes. Following Shiffman et al. (2003) we measured impedance changes of R and X during a triangular shaped pulse of force generated via isometric forearm muscle contraction at 50 kHz. We measured these changes in 3-100 kHz frequency range for a stair case pulse of forces and the results showed that they are frequency dependent. Analysis based on circuit models suggest that the increase of isometric forearm muscle contraction is accompanied with both extra and intra cellular effects. The decrease following it is accompanied with changes in the extra cellular components and with intracellular elements remaining at the values they have at the maximum contraction force.
Kashuri, Hektor, "Anisotropy of human muscle via non invasive impedance measurements. Frequency dependence of the impedance changes during isometric contractions." (2008). Physics Dissertations. Paper 1. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d10016259
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