Gerald H. Herman
William M. Fowler
Date of Award
Master of Arts
Department or Academic Unit
College of Social Sciences and Humanitites, Department of History
history, world history, civilians, firebombing, internment camps, rape in war, war economy, World War Two
History | United States History
This research paper discusses the role of the civilian in twentieth century warfare, using World War Two as a framework. The goal is to compel the reader to re-examine the idealized conceptualization of the nature and status of the civilian in war by using real-life examples. Five case studies dealing with concentration camps in the United States, medical experimentation by the Japanese in China, rape warfare used by the Soviets in Germany, strategic and incendiary bombing of Japan by the United States, and the mobilization of the civilians as labor for war in Great Britain show that the civilian is not exempt from being specifically targeted in war or waging war themselves through means other than combat. All of these studies selected represent events that could be observed occurring in other places with other armies and civilian populations. Looking at these experiences and attempting to reconcile them with the humanitarian, popular, and legal concepts of the civilian forces one to question whether the construct is realistic.
Joyce E. Jackson
Jackson, Joyce E., "The end of the civilian in twentieth century warfare: World War Two" (2012). History Master's Theses. Paper 2. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20002693
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