Robert K. Ross, Karen E. Gould
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology.
Counseling psychology, Noncontingent reinforcement, Perseverative speech, Behavioral psychology
Developmentally disabled children, Children with disabilities--Means of communication
Child Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Many children with developmental disabilities also demonstrate delays in communication. These delays have been demonstrated in all aspects of communication, including skills such as manding, tacting and other social communication. Many of these children also evidence atypical speech patterns such as perseverative speech. This study evaluated the effects of noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) and functional communication training (FCT) on rates of perseverative speech maintained by attention. Results showed that both procedures were effective in reducing problem behavior, however, manding only occurred in the FCT condition. It appears as though an extinction component was in part responsible for the behavior change, and an increase in play skills may have contributed to a decrease in motivation to access attention. Nonetheless, without a component analysis, it cannot be determined which variable or variables were responsible for the decrease in problem behavior.
Kaye, Rachel, "The evaluation of noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) and functional communication training (FCT) on the rates of attention-maintained perseverative speech" (2009). Counseling Psychology Master's Theses. Paper 8. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d10018669
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