William J. (William Jay) Gillespie
Carmen C. Sceppa, Katie Weinger
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. School of Health Professions.
health science, cognition, diabetes, executive function, exercise, fitness, physical activity
Medicine and Health Sciences
To investigate the association between executive function, physical activity, and physical fitness in people with type 2 diabetes, twenty participants (51-73 years, 50% female) with type 2 diabetes (mean HbA1C 7.9%) completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Adult (BRIEF-A), the Diabetes Task of Executive Function (DTEF), the 7-day Physical Activity Recall (PAR), the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI), and the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT). Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated, and percent body fat (BF%) and blood pressure (BP) measurements were obtained. Data were analyzed (SPSS 16.0) using Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression. BRIEF-A working memory scores were significantly correlated with meters walked in six minutes (r= -0.49; p=0.03), but were not predictive of MET-hours per week, kilocalories per week, meters walked in six minutes, or estimated VO2peak. Significant correlation was found between DTEF blood glucose log scores, MET-hours per week (r=0.54; p=0.02), and kilocalories per week (r=.54; p=0.01), but DTEF blood glucose log scores did not predict MET-hours per week, kilocalories per week, meters walked in six minutes or estimated VO2peak. DTEF planning scores predicted meters walked in six minutes (b=.404; p=.007), as did DTEF total scores (b=.364; p=.034). Results demonstrated that intra-individual variations in working memory, planning, multitasking, and time management abilities are associated with weekly physical activity and physical fitness in people with type 2 diabetes.
Joyce Ann Indelicato
Indelicato, Joyce Ann, "Association Between Executive Function, Physical Activity, and Physical Fitness in People with Type 2 Diabetes" (2009). Clinical Exercise Physiology Master's Theses. Paper 4. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20000016
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