John R. Engen
David E. Budil, Todd Miller
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
College of Arts and Sciences. Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
analytical chemistry, Breast Tumor Kinase, hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry, SH2 domain
Protein-tyrosine kinase, Breast--Tumors
Chemistry | Organic Chemistry
Breast tumor kinase (Brk) is a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase (NRPTK) that is overexpressed in 2/3 of breast tumors. Brk belongs to a small and highly uncharacterized family of NRPTKs, the Frk family. Despite its segregation on the NRPTK family tree based on genetic and sequential criteria, marked structural similarities of Brk to proteins of the Src family of NRPTKs suggest that Brk may share important regulatory features with these proteins. Brk is composed of an SH3, SH2, and catalytic domain, an arrangement similar to that of Src family proteins. This anomalous architecture leads to the proposition that Brk, like the Src proteins, may be autoinhibited by intramolecular interactions involving these important strucutral facets. For instance, it is thus hypothesized that Brk may exhibit the same dominant stabilizing interaction of its SH2 domain with its phosphorylated C-terminal tail, an interaction likened to that of an electrical socket and plug (respectively), as a means of rigidly locking the protein in its inactive/downregulated state. In order to confirm this suspected regulatory pathway, information crucial to designing specific inhibitors of oncogenic Brk, the Brk SH2 domain was expressed recombinantly and subjected to conformational studies by hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry. Active (free BrkSH2 domain) and inactive (BrkSH2 domain bound to a phosphorylated peptide) protein forms were emulated by selectively using phosphopeptide constructs during sample preparation. The outcome of hydrogen exchange experiments with Brk demonstrate little to no structural dynamics influenced by phosphopeptide binding. Minimal structural changes were detected using both a physiological phosphopeptide construct and a high-affinity phosphopeptide. These data are not consistent with similar hydrogen exchange studies utilizing a Src family kinase, which may suggest Brk undergoes regulation through an alternate pathway.
Kelly A. Reiser
Reiser, Kelly A., "Conformational analysis of breast tumor kinase SH2 domain by hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry" (2010). Chemistry Master's Theses. Paper 17. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20000717
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