Strong magnetoelectric (ME) coupling was demonstrated in Fe₃O₄/PZN–PT (lead zinc niobate–lead titanate) multiferroic heterostructures obtained through a sputter deposition process. The dependence of the magnetic anisotropy on the electric field (E-field) is theoretically predicted and experimentally observed by ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy. A large tunable in-plane magnetic anisotropy of up to 600 Oe, and tunable out-of-plane anisotropy of up to 400 Oe were observed in the Fe₃O₄/PZN–PT multiferroic heterostructures, corresponding to a large ME coefficient of 100 Oe cm/kV in plane and 68 Oe cm/kV out of plane, which match well with predicted results. In addition, the electric field manipulation of magnetic anisotropy is also demonstrated by the electric fields dependence of magnetic hysteresis loops, showing a large squareness ratio change of 44%. These Fe₃O₄/PZN–PT multiferroic heterostructures exhibiting large E-field tunable magnetic properties provide great opportunities for novel electrostatically tunable multiferroic devices.


Originally published in Journal of Applied Physics, v.107 (2010). doi: 10.1063/1.3354104


ferromagnetic resonance, iron compounds, lead compounds, magnetic anisotropy, magnetic hysteresis, magnetic thin films, multiferroics, sputter deposition

Subject Categories

Ferromagnetic materials, Ferromagnetic resonance


Chemical Engineering | Electrical and Computer Engineering


American Institute of Physics

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Copyright 2010

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American Institute of Physics

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