Elizabeth J. Podlaha-Murphy
Shashi Krishna Murthy, Michael C. Murphy, Akram N. Alshawabkeh
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Department or Academic Unit
College of Engineering. Department of Chemical Engineering.
Au/FeAu multilayer nanowires, Photocatalysis, Titania
Semiconductors, Nanowires, Titanium dioxide - Stability
Catalysis and Reaction Engineering | Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Environmentally clean hydrogen fuel represents a number of advantages over popularly utilized petroleum-based derivatives. Among alternative technologies, hydrogen can be generated by direct electrolysis of water upon irradiating a semiconductor material with light of energy greater than its energy band gap. A strategy to improve the photocatalytic efficacy of bare semiconductors and promote the sluggish kinetics of the oxidation reaction has been the incorporation of noble metals onto their surface. In particular, the Au-TiO2 system has been effective at enhancing and shifting the photoactivity to irradiation of longer wavelengths through relatively more efficient electron transfer processes involved in redox reactions. Main drawbacks that limit the applicability of Au-TiO2 composites are aging and/or deactivation effects arising from prolonged exposure to irradiating light. A novel approach to circumvent such effects, improve the stability of the composite towards atmospheric conditions and achieve long-lasting activity is presented in this study. The design involved incorporation of solid-state Fe in galvanic contact with Au(s), which theoretically induces a deactivation resistance on Au(s), owing to differences in nobility and electromotive potential (emf) of the electrochemical reactions involved. A preferential natural corrosion of the sacrificial less noble Fe serves as protection by oxidizing first at the expense of protecting the nobler Au from corrosion. In the present study, Fe(s) was tailored in galvanic contact to Au(s) in the form of Au/AuFe multilayered nanowires, which were fabricated electrochemically by means of a square-wave pulsed current scheme from a cyanide-free electrolyte. Variations in porosity and Fe content of the alloy layer were controlled via the deposition conditions and the type of complexant species present in the electrolyte. The fabricated Au/FeAu multilayer nanowires were subsequently integrated on electrosynthesized TiO2 to form the composite and its photocatalytic potential for the water splitting reaction assessed by means of a step in illumination, cyclic voltammetry and impedance modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS). The efficacy of Fe at preventing catalyst deactivation, as well as the effect of variations in porosity and Fe content of nanowires integrated onto TiO2, on the catalytic performance, were assessed.
Savidra Chavez Lucatero
Lucatero, Savidra Chavez, "Electrodeposited Au/FeAu porous nanowires for enhanced catalytic activity and stability of reactions on titania" (2010). Chemical Engineering Dissertations. Paper 11. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20002054
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