Eileen M. Roscoe
Jason C. Bourret, William H. Ahearn
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology.
Behavior analysts, Escape extinction, Motivating operations, Negative reinforcement
Reinforcement (Psychology), Reward (Psychology), Motivation
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms
Kodak, Lerman, Volkert and Trosclair (2007) found that participants who exhibited problem behavior maintained by escape selected an arbitrary reinforcer (an edible) over a maintaining reinforcer (escape), suggesting that an arbitrary reinforcer may be more effective than the maintaining reinforcer in decreasing problem behavior. However, because the tasks used may not have functioned as establishing operations for participants' problem behavior, it is unclear whether these findings would generalize to tasks that reliably evoke problem behavior. The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend procedures conducted by Kodak et al. by conducting both a task preference assessment (as used by Kodak et al.) and a task motivating-operation assessment as described by Roscoe, Rooker, Pence and Longworth (in press), prior to conducting the concurrent operant analysis between edible vs. break under increasing schedule requirements. A high-preference task, a low-preference task (according to the task preference assessment), and a low-probability task (according to the task preference assessment and the motivating operation assessment) were alternated in a multielement design. Results showed that one participant consistently selected the edible over the break regardless of the task condition or reinforcement schedule in effect, whereas the other participant consistently selected the break over the edible.
Jennifer Welles Loring
Loring, Jennifer Welles, "Further evaluation of the competition between positive and negative reinforcement among individuals with escape maintained problem behavior" (2009). Applied Behavioral Analysis Master's Theses. Paper 6. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d10019649
Click button above to open, or right-click to save.