Eileen M. Roscoe
Jason C. Bourret, William H. Ahearn
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology.
Functional analysis, Salient stimuli, Applied behavior analysis
Problem children - Functional assessment, Children with disabilities
Mental Disorders | Psychological Phenomena and Processes
Previous research has shown that including salient stimuli (e.g., different colored rooms or different therapists associated with each condition) may enhance differential outcomes during a functional analysis (FA). However, clinicians may have limited resources for use on arranging discriminative stimuli when conducting an FA. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of using practical stimuli, (e.g., different colored shirts, poster boards, and photos of the participant contacting antecedent environmental events associated with FA conditions) on FA outcomes. In addition, because the inclusion of salient stimuli may be most helpful when conducting brief or nonstandard FAs, we evaluated the effects of using such stimuli during brief or latency-based FAs. Five individuals with autism, who exhibited severe problem behavior, participated. A multielement design was used to demonstrate experimental control. Blocks of 4 conditions (alone, attention, play, and demand) paired with discriminated stimuli were alternated with blocks of the same conditions not paired with these stimuli. Results indicated that the inclusion of salient stimuli may serve as a practical enhancement when conducting brief functional analyses. Interobserver agreement was conducted for over 30% of sessions and averaged over 90%.
Kelly L. McConnell
McConnell, Kelly L., "Evaluation of salient stimulus cues during brief functional analyses in a classroom setting" (2009). Applied Behavioral Analysis Master's Theses. Paper 5. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d1001908x
Click button above to open, or right-click to save.COinS