Reinforcers in choice contexts
Jason C. Bourret
William H. Ahearn, Richard B. Graff
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology.
behavioral sciences, choice, choice contexts, concurrent, concurrent-chains, reinforcement, reinforcers
Choice (Psychology) - Case studies
Previous studies have shown participants prefer concurrently available sources of reinforcement relative to a solitary source of reinforcement. The effects of arranging concurrently available sources of reinforcement on the rate of a single response, however, are unclear. In Study 1, a concurrent-chains schedule was used to measure preference between concurrent (choice) and simple FR1 (single-alternative) terminal links. Participants were presented with two plates: a plate with multiple edible items and a plate with one edible item, all edibles were the identical. Results determined that both participants preferred the concurrent link to the single-alternative link. In Study 2, concurrent and single-alternative conditions were arranged for both participants in a multi-element design and schedule requirements for both were systematically manipulated. No differences in absolute reinforcing efficacy between single-alternative and concurrent reinforcement arrangements emerged.
Casey J. Clay
Clay, Casey J., "An analysis of the effects of reinforcers arranged in choice contexts" (2010). Applied Behavioral Analysis Master's Theses. Paper 26. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20000291
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