Rebecca P. Fallows MacDonald
William H. Ahearn, Chata Dickson
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology.
Autism, Pretend play, Video modeling
Sensory Art Therapies - Methods, Autism in children - Treatment, Play therapy
Art Therapy | Child Psychology
The purpose of this study was to combine video modeling with matrix training to teach play skills in young children with autism. Three children with autism were taught scripted vocalizations and actions for three play sets. Scripted play scenarios were developed using a 3 x 3 x 3 matrix involving characters, vehicles and objects. A within subject multiple probe design across play sets was used to demonstrate experimental control with each participant. Additionally, a multiple probe design across participants was used to demonstrate experimental control across participants. Baseline data were collected for each participant with each play set. During training the participant watched a video model consisting of an adult engaging in the scripted scenario. After the participant watched the video twice they had five minutes to play with the toys. Once mastery criteria were achieved, untrained stimuli were presented to the participant to assess the emergence of recombinative play behaviors. Results showed that after training on at least one of the play sets, 1 of the 3 participants demonstrated emergence of script recombination. Recombination was performed by the second and third participant after a brief recombination training session. The use of a matrix was a beneficial way to systematically teach pretend play skills to the three participants of this study.
Lauren M. Dannenberg
Dannenberg, Lauren M., "Video modeling and matrix training to teach pretend play in children with autism spectrum disorder" (2010). Applied Behavioral Analysis Master's Theses. Paper 20. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20000240
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