William H. Ahearn
Jason C. Bourret, Allen J. Karsina
Date of Award
Master of Science
Department or Academic Unit
Bouvé College of Health Sciences. Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology.
autism, differential reinforcement, discrimination, education, prompt dependency
Reinforcement learning - Case studies, Sensory reinforcement - Case studies, Children with disabilities - Case studies
Child Psychology | Medicine and Health Sciences | Special Education and Teaching
This study attempted to identify a procedure which would be effective at decreasing prompt dependency and facilitating acquisition of sight word to picture discrimination. Several assessments were conducted to determine the most effective and most preferred reinforcer for each of the two participants while also identifying another stimulus which had moderate reinforcing effects. Three sets of three sight words were then taught to each of the participants using three reinforcement procedures. Reinforcement for independent and correct responses was the same across all three procedures, the highest preference stimulus; however, these conditions differed in that reinforcement for correct, prompted responses was either the same (noDR), was a moderate reinforcer (DR1), or reinforcement was not provided (DR2). The results of this study suggest that providing the most effective and preferred reinforcer following independent and correct responses while delivering a moderate reinforcer contingent on prompted and correct response was the most effective reinforcement procedure.
Cividini-Motta, Catia, "Differential reinforcement of prompted and independent responses: an alternative procedure to decrease prompt dependency" (2009). Applied Behavioral Analysis Master's Theses. Paper 14. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20000015
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