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Calcite Growth – Rate Inhibition by Fulvic Acids Isolated from Big Soda Lake, Nevada, USA, the Suwannee River, Georgia, USA and by Polycarboxylic Acids

Michael M. Reddy, US Geological Survey
Jerry Leenheer, US Geological Survey

Keywords

Calcium carbonate (calcite) growth-rate inhibition, fulvic acid, Big Soda Lake, Nevada, Suwannee River, Georgia, polycarboxylic acids

Publication Date

10-7-2011

Subject Areas

Aquatic geochemistry, aquatic fulvic acids, calcite crystal growth

Abstract

Calcite crystallization rates are characterized using a constant solution composition at 25° C, pH=8.5, and calcite supersaturation (Ω) of 4.5 in the absence and presence of fulvic acids isolated from Big Soda Lake, Nevada (BSLFA), and a fulvic acid from the Suwannee River, Georgia (SRFA). Rates are also measured in the presence and absence of low-molar mass, aliphatic-alicyclic polycarboxylic acids (PCA). BSLFA inhibits calcite crystal-growth rates with increasing BSLFA concentration, suggesting that BSLFA adsorbs at growth sites on the calcite crystal surface. Calcite growth morphology in the presence of BSLFA differed from growth in its absence, supporting an adsorption mechanism of calcite-growth inhibition by BSLFA. Calcite growth-rate inhibition by BSLFA is consistent with a model indicating that polycarboxylic acid molecules present in BSLFA adsorb at growth sites on the calcite crystal surface. In contrast to published results for an unfractionated SRFA, there is dramatic calcite growth inhibition (at a concentration of 1 mg/L) by a SRFA fraction eluted by pH 5 solution from XAD-8 resin, indicating that calcite growth-rate inhibition is related to specific SRFA component fractions. A cyclic PCA, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-cyclohexane hexacarboxylic acid (CHXHCA) is a strong calcite growth-rate inhibitor at concentrations less than 0.1 mg/L. Two other cyclic PCAs, 1, 1 cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (CPDCA) and 1, 1 cyclobutanedicarboxylic acid (CBDCA) with the carboxylic acid groups attached to the same ring carbon atom, have no effect on calcite growth rates up to concentrations of 10 mg/L. Organic matter ad-sorbed from the air onto the seed crystals has no effect on the measured calcite crystal-growth rates.

Permanent URL

http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20001085

Recommended Citation

Reddy, Michael M. and Leenheer, Jerry (2011) "Calcite Growth – Rate Inhibition by Fulvic Acids Isolated from Big Soda Lake, Nevada, USA, the Suwannee River, Georgia, USA and by Polycarboxylic Acids," Annals of Environmental Science: Vol. 5, Article 6.
Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20001085

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